Following the information of Rafael Viñoly’s demise on the age of 78, we glance again at 9 stand-out initiatives designed by the Uruguayan architect over his profession.
Viñoly, who handed away on 2 March 2023 in New York Metropolis, is thought for his portfolio of iconic, and infrequently controversial, buildings across the globe.
He started his profession in structure on the College of Buenos Aires earlier than co-founding his first studio, Estudio de Arquitectura, in 1964.
Later, in 1978, he moved to the US the place he established his eponymous studio Rafael Viñoly Architects. Immediately it has places of work within the US, UK, UAE and Argentina.
His work spans six continents and consists of landmark large-scale buildings such because the Tokyo Worldwide Discussion board and 432 Park Avenue in New York.
The information of his demise was introduced on Friday by Elisa Carrió, an Argentine politician and pal of Viñoly’s.
Learn on for 9 key initiatives by the architect:
Tokyo Worldwide Discussion board (1996)
Exhibition areas, eating places and retailers are among the many different amenities within the landmark Tokyo Worldwide Discussion board, an iconic steel-glass constructing in Tokyo.
Its centrepiece is the Glass Corridor, a 225-metre-long and 60-metre-high atrium with a dramatic roof truss that seems to drift overhead like a ship’s hull.
“At night time, mild reflecting off the floor of the roof truss ribs transforms the construction right into a monolithic floating mild supply illuminating the Glass Corridor and profiling it within the Tokyo skyline,” stated Rafael Viñoly Architects.
Battersea Energy Station masterplan (2008)
Viñoly was answerable for outlining the masterplan for the redevelopment of the Battersea Energy Station in London, components of which are actually full.
Alongside a revamp of the previous electrical energy plant itself, the proposal included quite a few business and residential buildings which were designed by the likes of Frank Gehry and Foster + Companions.
Discover out extra in regards to the masterplan ›
Carrasco Worldwide Airport (2009)
Marking a return to his nation of beginning, Viñoly created the Carrasco Worldwide Airport in 2009.
It’s outlined by its curved roof, which spans greater than 365 metres and curves up from the bottom to disclose giant glazed areas that overlook the runway.
Discover out extra about Carrasco Worldwide Airport ›
Cleveland Museum of Artwork (2009)
A cultural challenge on the record is the growth of the Cleveland Museum of Artwork in Ohio.
Comprising an east and west wing, it was designed as a “jewel” that unifies an unique 1916 Beaux-Arts constructing and an earlier extension by the modernist architect Marcel Breuer.
Inside are double-height exhibition areas and places of work for the artwork gallery’s conservation division.
Discover out extra about Cleveland Museum of Artwork East Wing ›
Stem Cell Constructing at UCSF (2011)
On the College of California in San Francisco, Rafael Viñoly Architects created a medical analysis constructing that seems to challenge from a steeply sloping hillside.
Supported by a labyrinth of metal trusses, it incorporates 125 particular person biology laboratories for the research of stem-cell therapy. Uncovered ramps and stairs animate its exterior and supply circulation between all its ranges.
Discover out extra about Stem Cell Constructing at UCSF ›
Golden-hued steel panels clad the outside of the Firstsite visible arts centre in Colchester. Its identify is a nod to its web site, which was one of many first Roman settlements within the UK.
Amongst its key options are its crescent type, a big entrance cover and a restored mosaic embedded within the ground of 1 gallery.
In an unique Dezeen video, Viñoly defined that the cladding intentionally “wasn’t in any respect referential to any of the supplies within the metropolis”.
Discover out extra about Firstsite ›
432 Park Avenue (2015)
Amongst Viñoly’s most well-known buildings is 432 Park Avenue, a super-skinny residential skyscraper in New York.
Rising 425 metres, the constructing has a rectilinear type containing 85 storeys above floor, all encased by a gridded concrete facade.
Its distinctive type is just not all for which the skyscraper is thought. Viñoly himself admitted “screw-ups” with the design and, in 2021, the challenge hit the headlines as residents shared experiences of flooding, loud noises and getting trapped within the lifts.
Discover out extra about 432 Park Avenue ›
Walkie Talkie (2015)
One other controversial high-rise constructing by Viñoly is the Walkie Talkie – the 160-metre tower formally referred to as 20 Fenchurch Avenue, which has turn into considered one of London’s most recognisable buildings.
Its nickname derives from its curving form, created by the bigger ground plates on its higher ranges. This manner has been blamed for reflecting mild intense sufficient to soften vehicles, in addition to channelling gusts of wind robust sufficient to knock individuals over.
Discover out extra in regards to the Walkie Talkie ›
Laguna Garzón Bridge (2016)
Elsewhere in Uruguay, Rafael Viñoly Architects stretched the Laguna Garzon Bridge throughout a lagoon to interchange an current raft crossing.
Its ring-shaped type, which is raised on cylindrical piles, is meant to create a “lagoon inside a lagoon” the place individuals can swim, fish or sightsee.
“The idea of the Puente Laguna Garzon was to rework a conventional vehicular crossing into an occasion that reduces the pace of the vehicles, to supply a possibility to take pleasure in panoramic views to a tremendous panorama, and on the identical time create a pedestrian place within the centre,” Viñoly stated on the time of completion.
Discover out extra about Laguna Garzón Bridge ›
The principle picture is of Tokyo Worldwide Discussion board.